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  • Albany Billiard Ball Company, Albany, New York
     
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  • Molding -- Plastics
     
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  • Plastics -- Molding
     
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  • Celluloid
     
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  • Billiards
     
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  • Plastics industry and trade
     
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  • Albany (N.Y.)
     
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  • Koener, Max
     
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  • Hyatt, John Wesley,
     
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  • Legal documents
     
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  • Patents
     
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  • Journals (accounts)
     
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    Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, 1870-1974.
     
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    Creator: 
    Albany Billiard Ball Company, Albany, New York (creator).
    Title: 
    Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, 1870-1974.
    Phy. Description: 
    8 cu. ft.: 25 boxes.
    Digital Reference: 
    Finding aid
    Bio / His Notes: 
    The Albany Billiard Ball Company is possibly the earliest successful plastics firm and certainly one of the oldest plastics companies in the world. The business was started in 1868 on Albany's South End. At present the company is the only major billiard ball firm in the United States (renamed in September, 1977 the Albany-Hyatt Billiard Ball Company). John Wesley Hyatt was one of the company's founders and the American inventor of celluloid. Celluloid, besides being the base of photographic film, was a substitute for ivory, long the prime substance in billiard ball manufacture. The Hyatt "composition" ball, with a celluloid base, dominated the sport until the 1960s.
    Scope and Content: 
    These records include documents relating to Hyatt; legal documents, 1871-1966; bank books; patents; patent certificates; patent assignments; memoranda and articles of association; union contracts; balance sheets; profit and loss accounts; journals and cashbooks; ledgers; time books; invoices; photographs; and correspondence to and from the company, 1870-1974.
    Organization: 
    Eight series: Series 1: Administrative Records, 1912-1972; Series 2: Bound volumes, 1875-1916; Series 3: Correspondence, 1882-1973; Series 4: Legal Records, 1873-1974; Series 5: Patents and Trademarks and Related Documents, 1871-1973; Series 6: Engineering and Production Related Documents, 1916 and undated; Series 7: Photographs, 1920s; Series 8: Printed material, undated
    Provenance: 
    Transferred from the Division of Physical Sciences, April 5, 1983.
    Finding aids: 
    Register by Robert Harding, online (click on "Finding Aid").
    Cite as: 
    Albany Billiard Ball Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Molding -- Plastics
    Plastics -- Molding
    Celluloid
    Billiards
    Plastics industry and trade
    Subject - Geographical: 
    Albany (N.Y.)
    Subject-Name: 
    Koener, Max
    Hyatt, John Wesley, inventor
    Form / Genre: 
    Legal documents
    Patents
    Contracts -- Union
    Journals (accounts)
    Cashbooks
    Ledgers (account books)
    Time books
    Invoices
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History : Archives Center. P.O. Box 37012, Suite 1100, MRC 601, Constitution Ave., between 12th and 14th Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Call 202-633-3270 for appointment. Fax: 202-786-2453.
    Local Number: 
    83-5647 to 83-5652 (OIPP Neg. nos.)
    Co-Creator: 
    Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution) (collector).
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Archives Center at American HistoryACNMAH 0011Add Copy to MyList

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