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    Edward Harvey Davis Photograph Collection, 1903-1939.
     
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    Creator: 
    Davis, Edward H., b. 1862
    Title: 
    Edward Harvey Davis Photograph Collection, 1903-1939.
    Phy. Description: 
    ca. 2000 Negatives
    ca. 770 b&w Photographic prints
    Additional forms: 
    1965 negatives and 759 prints have been digitized as of July 30, 2009.
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Artist, photographer, and artefact collector, Edward Harvey Davis was born on June 18, 1862 in New York. He traveled to California in 1884 for health reasons (Bright's disease i.e. actue of chronic nephritis (a kidney disorder)), arriving in 1885, and settled on 320 acres in an area called Mesa Grande, east of San Diego. Later that year he returned to New York to marry, bringing his new bride, Anna May Wells back to California with him. They would eventually have four children. Shortly after settling in California, Davis became interested in the the Kumeyaay (Northern Diguenos), the Mesa Grande Indians indigenous to that area, and spent the remainder of his life collecting artifacts, studying and photographing them. He collected so many items that his ranch house ran out of room for them, necessitating the building of another structure (adobe) to house them. As a result of this interest and care of the Mesa Grande Indians in San Diego County, in 1907, Davis was named a ceremonial chief by the Indians themselves. Originally trained as an artist, Davis first worked as a drafter and architect. Upon his arrival in San Diego in 1885, he fortuitously invested in and profited from the booming real estate industry of the time. Davis became known to George Gustav Heye when Heye initially purchased a collection of Indian artifacts from him for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1915. With the money from the sale of his collection, Davis was able to open a resort lodge called the Powam that same year. His real estate investments and his lodge enabled Davis to finance his fieldwork, most of which he did on his own. In 1916 however, Davis also became an official field collector for the Museum of the American Indian in New York. Sporadically, from 1917 to 1930, Heye contracted Davis to conduct field trips to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Mexico, and Tiburon Island, visiting over two dozen different Indian peoples in the course of his travels. Wherever he went, Davis continued to photograph the Native peoples, but did not consider these photographs to be part of his contract with Heye. Heye later purchased the bulk of Davis’s photograph collection. Davis also had sketched objects and landscapes during his travels as a method of preserving what he saw. Davis died in San Bernardino on February 22, 1951. In addition to his photographs, Davis authored several scholarly articles.
    Scope and Content: 
    Davis visited the Diegueno and Luiseno in southern California; the Pi-pi (Pais), Kil-e-wah (Cahuilla), and Waicuri of Lower California, Mexico; the Yuma, Cocopah, Pima, Papago, Maricopa, Mojave, Hualapai (Walapai), Yaqui, and White Mountain Apache in Arizona; the Cora, Huichol, Opata, Mayo, and Yaqui of Mexico; the Seri of Tiburon Island; the Chemehuevi of Nevada and California; the Modoc and Klamath Lake Indians in Oregon; and the Paiute in Nevada. His collection contains photographs of Apache, Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochimi, Cochiti Pueblo, Cocopa, Cora, Guaicuruj, Huichol, Kawia, Kiliwa, Kumeyaay (Diegueno), Luiseno, Maricopa, Mayo, Mission, Mohave, Opata, Paipai, Papago (Tohono O'odham), Pima (Akimel O'odham), San Carlos Pueblo, San Manuel, Seri, Ute, Walapai (Hualapai), Yaqui, and Yuma.
    Organization: 
    Collection arranged by item number.
    Restrictions: 
    Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
    Culture: 
    Akimel O'odham.
    Apache Indians
    Cahuilla Indians
    Chemehuevi Indians
    Cochimi
    Cochiti Indians
    Cocopa Indians
    Cora Indians
    Guaicuruj
    Hualapai Indians
    Huichol Indians
    Kiliwa Indians
    Kamia Indians
    Luiseño Indians
    Maricopa Indians
    Mayo Indians
    Mohave Indians
    Opata Indians
    Paipai Indians
    Pima Indians
    San Carlos Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
    Seri Indians
    Tohono O'Odham Indians
    Ute Indians
    Yaqui Indians
    Yuma Indians
    Subject-Topical: 
    Indians of Mexico -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- Arizona -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- Basin -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- California -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- Southwest -- Photographs.
    Subject - Geographical: 
    Arizona
    California
    Mexico
    Form / Genre: 
    Negatives
    Photographic prints
    Repository Loc: 
    National Museum of the American Indian Archives, MRC-541, Cultural Resources Center, 4220 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, Maryland 20746. (tel: 301/238-6624, fax: 301/238-3038).
    Local Number: 
    NMAI.AC.001.031
    Co-Creator: 
    Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
    Item Information
    Repository 
    American Indian ArchivesAdd Copy to MyList

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