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    Mark Raymond Harrington Photograph Collection, 1899-1947.
     
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    Creator: 
    Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971
    Title: 
    Mark Raymond Harrington Photograph Collection, 1899-1947.
    Phy. Description: 
    2133 negatives
    174 b&w photographic prints
    3 lantern slides
    Additional forms: 
    329 negatives, 19 prints, and 3 lantern slides have been digitized as of July 2003.
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Mark Raymond Harrington was born on the campus of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor on July 6, 1882. He received his BS in 1907 and his MA in 1908 from Columbia University, where he studied under Franz Boas. He met George Heye while working at Covert’s Indian store in New York in 1908 and Heye hired him shortly thereafter. Harrington spent from 1908-1911 visiting and collecting from tribes in the east and Midwest for Heye. From 1911-1915 Harrington was assistant curator at the University of Pennsylvania Museum. From 1916-1917 he conducted archeological surveys in Cuba and Arkansas, after which he spent a short time in the U.S. Army during the First World War. After his return in 1919 he started a series of archeological surveys in Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nevada, and Texas. Harrington worked for George G. Heye as an archaeologist, ethnologist, field collector, and curator, primarily along the eastern seaboard, in the south, Midwest, west, Cuba and Ecuador, from 1908 to 1928. He then joined the staff of the Southwest Museum as curator until his retirement in 1964. He died in San Fernando, California on June 30, 1971. Harrington is the author of many books and several hundred articles. A partial bibliography can be found in the Mark Raymond Harrington manuscript collection in the archives of the National Museum of the American Indian, Cultural Resource Center, Suitland, Maryland.
    Scope and Content: 
    Includes photographs of individual tribal members, artifacts; and the following archeological sites: Hawikku (Hawikuh), Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico; Mill Creek, Tehama County, California; Coachilla Valley, California; Sandal Cave, New Mexico; Eagle Canyon, Texas; Thea Heye Cave, Pyramid Lake, Nevada; Crown Peak, Chisos Mountains, Texas; Pueblo Grande, Nevada; Salt Caves, St. Thomas, Nevada; Chuckawalla Cave, Nevada; Lovelock Cave, Pershing County, Nevada; other sites in Nevada; cacti in Brewster County, Texas and California; archaeological sites in Arkansas, Florida, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee Collection also includes a variety of scenic shots in different states; shots of persons, identified and unidentified; personal photographs of Harrington, his son, and one of his wives (ELH); and photographs taken during his expeditions to Cuba and Ecuador.
    Includes photographs of the Alibamu, Apache, Catawba, Cherokee, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Chumash, Comanche, Delaware, Iowa, Iroquois, Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Koasati, Maidu, Mattaponi, Mohegan, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Navajo, Niantic (Nyantic),Ojibwa (Chippewa), Osage, Paiute, Pamunkey, Peoria, Pit River, Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox), Seminole, Shawnee, Tolowa, Tulare, Wampanoag, Wichita, Wyandot, Yara, and Zuni tribes.
    Organization: 
    Collection arranged by format and item number.
    Provenance: 
    Photographs taken between the years 1899 and 1947. Many, taken by Harrington on his field expeditions, probably came into the museum during the time of his employ with Heye. However, some may have also come in with a collection of papers (some donated and some sold) to the museum by his widow, Marie Walsh Harrington, between the years 1971 and 1985.
    General Note: 
    NMAItest
    Restrictions: 
    Access restricted. For information on this collection consult the NMAI photo archivist at 301-238-1400 or NMAIphotos@si.edu.
    Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
    Culture: 
    Alibamu
    Catawba
    Cherokee
    Chippewa
    Chiricahua Apache
    Chitimacha
    Choctaw
    Chumash Indians
    Comanche
    Delaware
    Iowa Indians
    Iroquis
    Kaw
    Kickapoo Indians
    Kiowa Indians
    Klamath
    Kaosati
    Maidu
    Mattaponi
    Mohegan Indians
    Nanticoke
    Narragansett
    Navajo
    Niantic
    Nyantic
    Ojibwa
    Osage Indians
    Paiute Indians
    Pamunkey Indians
    Peoria
    Pit River
    Potawatomi
    Quapaw
    Sac and Fox
    Sauk and Fox
    Seminole Indians
    Shawnee
    Tolowa
    Tulare
    Wampanoag
    Wichita
    Wyandot
    Yara
    Zuni
    Subject-Topical: 
    Indians of North America -- Great Basin -- 1890-1949
    Indians of North America -- California -- 1890-1949
    Indians of North America -- Northeastern States -- 1890-1949
    Indians of North America -- Southeastern States -- 1890-1949
    Indians of North America -- Southwestern States -- 1890-1949
    Subject - Geographical: 
    Arizona
    Arkansas
    California
    Canada
    Colorado
    Cuba
    Ecuador
    Florida
    Great Basin
    Louisiana
    Mexico
    Nevada
    Missouri
    New Mexico
    New York
    Northeastern States
    Oklahoma
    Southern States
    Southwestern States
    Tennessee
    Texas
    Form / Genre: 
    Negatives
    Photographic prints
    Lantern slides
    Repository Loc: 
    National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, MRC-541, Cultural Resources Center, 4220 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, Maryland 20746 (tel. 301 238-6624, fax 301 238-3038)
    Local Number: 
    NMAI.AC.001.035
    Co-Creator: 
    Harrington, Marie Walsh, donor
    Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957
    Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
    Item Information
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