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  • Watson, J. Forbes
     
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  • Bhotia (Sherpa)
     
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  • Dom (South Asian people)
     
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  • Photographs
     
     
    The People of India A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
     
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    Creator: 
    Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes), 1827-1892. publisher
    Title: 
    The People of India A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
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    The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868.
    Phy. Description: 
    8 items
    Digital Reference: 
    Image Image Image Image Image
    Produced: 
    London C. Whiting Beaufort House, Strand 1868-1875
    Bio / His Notes: 
    John Forbes Watson and John William Kaye assembled this ethnologic study collection from photographs made by British photographers in India. The collection documents the caste and culture groups of India for a British India Office multi-volume publication. A graduate of Aberdeen University in England, John Forbes Watson (1827-1892) served as an assistant surgeon in the Bombay Medical Services from 1850 to 1853. While in India, Watson began to research Indian agricultural resources. In 1858, he became reporter on the products of India for the India Office in England. A year later, he became director of the India Office's India Museum, devoted to promoting trade in the British Empire. While there, he published several monographs on Indian plants and textiles. In 1867, he was appointed keeper of the museum, and served in that capacity until he retired in 1879.
    John William Kaye (1814-1876) was secretary of the India Office's Political and Secret Department.
    Summary: 
    Photographers represented include J.C.A. Dannenberg, R.H. DeMontmorency, E. Godfrey, W.W. Hooper, H.C. McDonald, J. Mulheran, G. Richter, Shepherd & Robertson (later as Bourne & Shepherd), B. Simpson, B.W. Switzer, H.C.B. Tanner, C.C. Taylor, and J. Waterhouse.
    Taken in the 1850s and 1860s, these photographs portray the people of many castes, culture groups, and occupations in India, posed individually and in groups. Indian culture groups portrayed include Bhogta, Bhoti, Chero, Dombo, Gond, Gujarati, Ho, Kachari, Kishangarh, Kota, Lepcha, Mishmi, Munda, Naga, Pahari, Paithan, Rajput, Saora, Singpho, Thakur, Tharu, and Toda. Peoples portrayed are from parts of India and surrounding areas, now in Afghanistan, Burma, Iran and Pakistan, such as Assam, Bareli, Behat, Cachar, Chittagong, Delhi, Hazara, Hisar, Kohat, Lahore, Madras, Munjpur, Mysore, Palamau, Shahabad, Shahjahanpur, Sikkim, and Sind.
    Occupations illustrated include barbers, blacksmiths, carpenters, charcoal carriers, farmers, fish vendors, horse dealers, interpreters, landlords, mendicants, merchants, officials, priests, warriors, and water carriers. Activities shown include dancing and knitting. Artifacts and material culture documented include books, buildings, devotional objects, tools, and weapons such as bows, clubs, shields, guns and spears.
    Organization: 
    The collection is composed of 8 bound volumes with 470 albumen photoprints mounted alongside text. Photographs are arranged by region, with culture group and region, some also with name and occupation of subjects.
    Cite as: 
    The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Culture: 
    Bhotia (Sherpa)
    Dom (South Asian people)
    Gond (Indic people)
    Gujaratis (Indic people)
    Kachari (Indic people)
    Kota (Indic people)
    Lepcha
    Mishmi (Indic people)
    Munda (Indic people)
    Naga (Indonesian people)
    Korwa (Indic people)
    Rajput (Indic people)
    Savara (Indic people)
    Thakuri (Indic people)
    Tharu
    Toda (Indic people)
    Subject - Geographical: 
    India
    Afghanistan
    Burma
    Pakistan
    Iran
    Assam (India)
    Cāchār (India)
    Chittagong (Bangladesh)
    Delhi (India)
    Hazāra District (Pakistan)
    Hisar (India)
    Kohat District (Pakistan)
    Lahore (India)
    Madras (India)
    Mysore (India)
    Palāmū (India)
    Shahabad (India : District)
    Shahjahanpur (India)
    Sikkim (India)
    Sind (India)
    Form / Genre: 
    Photographs
    Local Number: 
    FSA A1990.03
    Co-Creator: 
    Kaye, John William, Sir, 1814-1876 publisher
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesFSA A1990.03Add Copy to MyList

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