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    Kenneth X. Robbins Collection & Papers, 1927-1947
     
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    Creator: 
    Robbins, Kenneth X. collector
    Title: 
    Kenneth X. Robbins Collection & Papers, 1927-1947
    Phy. Description: 
    ca. 100-150 maps : color
    6 books
    45 photographs
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Dr. Kenneth X. Robbins of Potomac, Maryland, psychiatrist, M.D., collector of south Asian art, and author, assembled a collection of various types of materials documenting Indian society particularly in the second quarter of the 20th century, focusing on the noble courts.
    Mahabat Khanji Rasukhanji Babi Bahadur was the last ruling Nawab of Junagadh in British India from 1911 to 1947. Mahabat Khanji loved animals, particularly dogs, and is commemorated for having helped save the last Asiatic lions by providing them with a stable habitat. During Indian independence in 1947, the last Nawab chose to accede to the Dominion of Pakistan, causing the downfall of the state administration and the fleeing of the royal family. After being exiled to Pakistan, Mahabat Khanji died on November 17, 1959.
    Summary: 
    Items pertaining to the spiritual, economic, and artistic history of modern India and its princely states. Parts include: fiscal philately from the princely states of India, documents pertaining to Indian medicine (6 linear ft.), paintings, medals and coins, map of Baroda and other princely states, postcards, the collector's research files, genealogical studies of Majarajas, and memorabilia on the history of Jews in Southern Indian. Robbins document Indian society, particularly court nobles. One photograph album and three photographs comprise this collection. The photograph album documents the Silver Jubilee celebration of Mahabat Khanji Rasukhanji Babi Bahadur, the last Nawab of Junagadh in 1945, including entertainment, events, and formal and informal portraits of participants. The Nawab is shown being saluted by government officials, being weighed in silver, and receiving a gift. Performances by dancing women and marching bands are documented, as are sports such as horseback riding, rock lifting, and running. People portrayed include government officials, prisoners in chains, the Nawab, the Nawab's son, nobles such as Kau Mull Ladha wth his daughter in a limousine, prominent citizens of Junagadh, and uniformed men marching.
    Organization: 
    1139 postage stamps: organized in 5 boxes ; arranged numerically by item catalog number and alphabetically by region
    medals and coins ; 15 linear ft.
    Provenance: 
    Gift of Kenneth X. Robbins, 1990.
    Cite as: 
    Kenneth X. Robbins Photograph Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Kenneth X. Robbins, 1990.
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Nobility -- India
    Coins
    Subject - Geographical: 
    India -- description and travel -- 1901-1946
    India -- Kings and rulers
    Form / Genre: 
    Maps
    Photographs
    Medals
    Postage stamps
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1050 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20013-7012
    Local Number: 
    FSA A1990.01
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesFSA A1990.01Add Copy to MyList

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