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  • Bishop, Carl Whiting,
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeological expeditions
  • Archaeology
  • Photography
  • China
  • Bishop, Carl Whiting,
  • Tung, Kuang-zung.
  • Warner, Langdon,
  • Wenley, A. G.
  • Negatives
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  • Manuscript
    The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers 1923-1934
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    Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942
    The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers 1923-1934
    Contained in: 
    The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers
    Phy. Description: 
    41 boxes
    Digital Reference: 
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942) was an archaeologist, anthropologist, and specialist in the field of East Asian studies. Born in Tokyo, Japan, on July 12, 1881, he was the son of a Methodist missionary, the Reverend Charles Bishop. Except for a twelve-month residence in the United States during 1889-90, Bishop spent the first sixteen years of his life in Japan, before returning to this country in 1898 for college preparatory work at Northwestern Academy, Evanston, Illinois. He studied at Hampden-Sydney College and in 1912 received an A.B. degree from DePauw University. In 1913 he was awarded the degree of Master of Arts by the Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, where he studied with the noted German anthropologist, Franz Boas (1858-1942). That same year he received his first scientific appointment as a member of the Peabody Museum Expedition to Central America. From 1914-18 Bishop served as Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where on an expedition for that museum he made his first trip to China. Under the auspices of the university, he conducted archaeological reconnaissance during 1915 and 1916 in China, Korea, and Japan, and again conducted archaeological surveys in 1917 and 1918, although no systematic excavations were carried out at that time. When the United States entered World War I on the side of the Allied Powers, Bishop enlisted in the United States Navy and was shortly made assistant naval attaché, serving in China in the years 1918-20, with the rank of lieutenant, junior grade. He returned to Columbia University in 1921 to assume the position of Assistant in Anthropology, a post he held until the end of the academic season in 1922. Effective 10 April 1922, Bishop was appointed as Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art by then director John Ellerton Lodge (1878-1942). Asked to undertake important archaeological work, Bishop headed the gallery's first expedition to China, sponsored jointly by the FGA and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, lasting from 20 February 1923 to 6 August 1927. From 16 November 1929 to 11 April 1934, he headed another expedition, sent out this time by the Freer Gallery alone. When conditions in China made further efforts impractical, Bishop returned to Washington in 1934, where he remained at the gallery as Associate in Archaeology until the time of his death on 16 June 1942. Carl Whiting Bishop was a member of a number of learned societies: the American Oriental Society, the American Archaeological Society, the Anthropological Society, the American Society for the Advancement of Science, the American Geographical Society, and he served on the advisory board of the American Council of Learned Societies until his death
    The papers concern Bishop's Gallery-sponsored travels to China, 1923 to 1927 and from 1929-1934, while acting as Associate Curator at the Freer Gallery of Art. The collection includes textual material such as his unpublished manuscript, "Archaeological Research in China, 1923-1934", notecards based on subject and manuscript drafts relating to his numerous publications on Chinese art and archaeology. The collection also contains approximately 10,000 photographs, negatives, maps, line drawings, rubbings and postcards. There are photographs attached as plates and figures as part of his manuscript or distributed amongst 4 photographic books and individual images.
    This collection is arranged into 4 series: Series 1: Manuscript and Research Material [not before 1940], Series 2: Prints and Maps, 1915-1933, Series 3: Photograph Books and Album, 1931-1933, Series 4: Negatives.
    Freer Gallery records
    Cite as: 
    The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    Series 1: Manuscript/Writings 1915-1934 & undated [not before 1940]
    Series 2: Still photo prints (1915-1933)
    Series 3: Photographic books [not before 1931]
    Series 4: Negatives
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment:
    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
    Archaeological expeditions
    Archaeology -- China
    Photography -- China
    Subject - Geographical: 
    USA District of Columbia Washington
    Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942
    Tung, Kuang-zung.
    Warner, Langdon, 1881-1955
    Wenley, A. G. (Archibald Gibson), 1898-1962
    Form / Genre: 
    Photographic prints
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1050 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20013-7012
    Local Number: 
    FSA A.02
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesFSA A.02Add Copy to MyList

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