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    The Delhi Durbar circa 1903.
     
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    Creator: 
    Bourne and Shepherd
    Title: 
    The Delhi Durbar circa 1903.
    Phy. Description: 
    5 prints : albumen, unmounted ; images 24 x 28 cm. or smaller.
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Samuel Bourne and Charles Shepherd were British photographers active in India in the mid-to-late 19th century. Bourne's career began with his arrival in Calcutta in 1863. In Simla, he formed a partnership with two established photographers, Shepherd and Howard (likely William Howard). Howard soon left, and within a few years, Bourne & Shepherd had become the most successful firm in the subcontinent, with their work widely distributed throughout India and in Britain. Two additional studios were opened in Calcutta (1867) and Bombay (1870). Bourne departed in 1870 and was replaced as principal photographer by Colin Murray. Shepherd returned to England in 1879. The firm changed ownership numerous times in the early 20th century and currently operates under the same name in Calcutta -- perhaps the oldest photographic studio still in operation.
    "Durbar" is a Moghul term which came to be applied to the great ceremonial gatherings held in Delhi and other locations during the time of the British Empire, usually for the purpose of showing loyalty to the crown. The Delhi Durbar, translated as “Court of Delhi," refers to three such gatherings held at Coronation Park, Delhi , in 1877, 1903 and 1911, to celebrate the coronation of a new King and Queen of the United Kingdom. Organized by Lord Curzon, the Delhi Durbar of 1903 was by all accounts a truly dazzling two-week spectacle of pomp and pageantry, commemorating the ascension of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India.
    Summary: 
    Five albumen prints from the studio of Bourne and Shepherd, circa 1903. Each blind stamped "Bourne & Shepherd" in the lower right corner. One print has the inscription "The Delhi Durbar, which took place at Delhi, India. In honor of the crowning of King Edward." written across the top in black ink.
    Organization: 
    One oversized folder.
    Provenance: 
    Purchase, 1998.
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
    Subject - Geographical: 
    India -- Social life and customs
    India Delhi Delhi
    Subject-Name: 
    Durbar (Delhi, India)
    Form / Genre: 
    Photographs
    Albumen prints
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1050 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20013-7012
    Local Number: 
    A1999.4
    Item Information
    Repository 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesAdd Copy to MyList

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