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    Views of India collection, circa 1860s-1880s.
     
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    Creator: 
    Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
    Title: 
    Views of India collection, circa 1860s-1880s.
    Phy. Description: 
    20 prints : albumen
    Digital Reference: 
    Image
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, and within a few years, the firm had become the most successful studio in the subcontinent, with their work widely distributed throughout India and in Britain. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography. He was replaced as principal photographer by Colin Murray. Shepherd returned to England in 1879. The firm changed ownership numerous times in the early 20th century and currently operates under the same name in Calcutta -- perhaps the oldest photographic studio still in operation.
    Summary: 
    20 albumen prints, circa 1860s-1880s, mostly by Samuel Bourne or by the subsequent firm of Bourne & Shepherd, with one print by A.T.W. Penn, depicting scenes in India. Images include views of the memorial well at Cawnpore, the mausoleums of Akbar and Prince Etmad-Dowlah (Itmad-ud-Daulah), the tomb of Salim Chisti, the palace and mosque at Fatehpur Sikri, the Fort at Agra and the Taj Mahal, Qutb Minar, and views of Bengal and Kashmir.
    Organization: 
    Organized in one flat box.
    Provenance: 
    Purchase, 1999.
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Kutb Minar (Delhi, India)
    Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
    Mausoleums -- India
    Memorials
    Subject - Geographical: 
    India
    Subject-Name: 
    Ghiyas Beg, Mirza, d. 1627.
    Akbar, Emperor of Hindustan, 1542-1605
    Form / Genre: 
    Photographs
    Albumen prints
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1050 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20013-7012
    Local Number: 
    A1999.8
    Co-Creator: 
    Penn, A.T.W. (Albert Thomas Watson), 1849-1924
    Bourne and Shepherd
    Item Information
    Repository 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesAdd Copy to MyList

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