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    Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945
     
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    Creator: 
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
    Title: 
    Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945
    Contained in: 
    Ernst Herzfeld Papers, 1899-1962
    See Others in: 
    Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945
    Phy. Description: 
    Field notes : 186 items ; drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals (accounts), publications, articles, clippings, rubbings.
    Additional forms: 
    Microfiche available at the Freer Gallery of Art Library.
    Produced: 
    1906-1945
    Bio / His Notes: 
    "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
    Scope and Content: 
    "Two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913 mark the beginning of large-scale archaeological research on Islamic antiquities. During this time, Herzfeld was supported for brief periods by the swiss architect Samuel Guyer, Commander von Ludloff, various technical assistants, and finally Friedrich Sarre, who was the director of the Islamic department at the museum and initiator of the expedition. For most of the time, however, all tasks that today would be divided among a team of archaeologists rested solely on Herzfeld's shoulders: coordinating hundreds of workmen at various sites, measuring buildings, drawing architecture and objects, and cataloging finds, but also negociating with local authorities who were often uncooperative. Still working at a time when the success of a venture such as the Samarra expedition was measured by its spectacular finds in both architecture and precious objects, the immense responsibility for bringing this expedition through the unexplored territories of Islamic archaeology to a successful conclusion presented an enormous physical and psychological challenge. In an effort that from the perspective of modern archaeology must be called Herculean, he excavated and examined nineteen sites [Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil, Congregational Mosque of Madinat al-Mutawakkiliyya, Shiite Shrine Complex, Qubbat al-Ṣulaibiyya; palaces of Balkuwārā, Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the Qaṣr al-ʿĀshiq; the Cemetery at Shabbat al-Hawā; Mausoleum of Imām al-Dūr; Tall al-ʿAlīq; Ḥarba Bridge and finally the residential architecture at al-Quraina, al-Qāṭūn, al-Jubairiyya, and west of Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the baths] and collected a stupendous corpus of material, one that in many respects still forms the foundation for our knowledge of the city of Samarra and ʾAbbāsid art in the 3rd/9th centuries. What is astonishing is that Herzfeld himself considered his achievements during the first campaign in Samarra to be merely a dress rehearsal for the more ambitious second campaign which focused on the Dār al-Khilāfa." [Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, 2003. Preface, p.IX."]
    Language Note: 
    Texts in German language with additional annotation in Arabic, English, French, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, and Persian.
    Organization: 
    135 units of original materials; numbered subseries, kept in the order in which they arrived, and housed in document boxes.
    Finding aids: 
    Finding aid, based on Joseph M. Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, 1974, is available in the Archives Department and on Internet http://www.asia.si.edu/archives/finding_aids/herzfeld.html#series7Index
    Cite as: 
    Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
    Publication: 
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1907: "Samarra, Aufnahmen und Untersuchungen zur Islamischen Archaeologie. Behrend & Co, Berlin."
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1912: "Erster Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen von Samarra. Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), Berlin."
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra I, Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und Seine Ornamentik. Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
    Friedrich Sarre, 1925: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra II, Die Keramik von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1927: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra III, Die Malereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
    Lamm, Carl Johan, 1928: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra IV, Das Glas von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1930: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra V, Die Vorgeschichtlichen Töpfereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1948: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra VI, Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. Hamburg, Eckardt & Messtorff; Buchhändlerischer Vertrieb durch D. Reimer, Andrews & Steiner, Berlin."
    Northedge, Alastair, 1993: "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
    Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein."
    Ann C. Gunter and Stefan R. Hauser, 2004: "Ernst Herzfeld and the development of Near Eastern Studies, 1900-1950. Boston, Massasuchetts: Brill."
    General Note: 
    - Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, Thomas Leisten's publication, "Excavation of Samarra, vol 1," and Alastair Northedge's publication, "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
    Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
    Time and place of event: 
    Field notes related primarly to the two campaigns of excavation at Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Papyrus
    Abbasids
    Aerial photography
    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Antiquities
    Architectural drawing
    Art of the Islamic World
    Decoration and ornament
    Description and travel
    Excavations (Archaeology)
    History
    Inscriptions
    Numismatics
    Pottery
    Religious buildings
    Subject - Geographical: 
    Asia
    Iran
    Iraq
    Lebanon
    Syria
    Mesopotamia
    Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
    Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
    Subject-Name: 
    Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
    Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947
    Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921
    Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926
    Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933
    Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930
    Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945
    Dietrich Reimer Verlag (Berlin, Germany)
    Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum
    Verlag Philipp von Zabern
    Form / Genre: 
    Articles
    Blueprints
    Clippings
    Correspondence
    Drawings
    Diaries
    Journals (accounts)
    Notebooks
    Photographs
    Rubbings
    Sketchbooks
    Sketches
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1050 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20013-7012
    Local Number: 
    FSA A.6 Series 7
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesFSA A.6 Series 7Add Copy to MyList

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