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    Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
     
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    Creator: 
    Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970.
    Title: 
    Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
    Uniform Title: 
    Early Photography of Iran
    Contained in: 
    Myron Bement Smith collection, 1899-1962
    See Others in: 
    Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
    Phy. Description: 
    Photographic prints : 66 items; various dimensions.
    Glass Negatives : 695 items; b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm.
    Photographic prints : 98 items; various dimensions.
    Additional forms: 
    Microfiche available at the Freer Gallery of Art Library.
    Produced: 
    1880s-1933
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Antoin Sevruguin managed and operated one of the most successful commercial photography studios in Tehran in the late 19th century. Born in the 1840s in Iran, Sevruguin's mother returned with her children to her hometown of Tbilisi after his father Vassil, a Russian diplomat in Iran, died in a horse riding accident. Trained as a painter, Sevruguin returned to Iran in the early 1870s accompanied by his two brothers, establishing a photography studio first in Tabriz and then Tehran. His studio's ties to Tbilisi, however, persisted through the years; many of the early portraits of Dervishes and women have been simultaneously attributed to Antoin Sevruguin and Dimitri Yermakov, the Georgian photographer who is often referred to as Sevruguin's mentor from Tbilisi. Many of Antoin Sevruguin's photographs were published as early as 1885 in travelogues, journals and books indicating that by that time he had a fully established practice in Tehran’s Ala al-Dawla street, with ties to the court of Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar. Often unacknowledged as the producer of published images in his own time - the 1902 photographic survey of Persepolis being the most glaring of such authorial misrepresentations - he was nevertheless celebrated and acknowledged for his artistic vision and his keen eye for composition, achieving the Medal of Lion and Sun from Nasir al-Din Shah, the 1897 Medal of Honour in the Brussels International Exposition, and the 1900 Medal of Honour in Paris International Exposition. Reflecting a career that spans nearly half a century, Sevruguin’s diverse body of work includes studio portraits of families, women and dervishes, survey photographs of archeological sites, objects, landscapes and architecture, and photographs of royalty, high officials and ceremonies of the Qajar court. The range of his output not only demonstrates his own pictorial concerns and artistic abilities but also the divergent interests of his clients. Despite numerous devastating incidents throughout his career – the loss of more than half of his negatives in a 1908 blast and fire, an unsuccessful attempt at diversifying into cinematography in the 1910s, and the confiscation of the remainder of his negatives in the mid-1920s to name a few – his studio remained operational even after his death in 1933. A number of negatives from the Sevruguin studio can be dated to the years after Antoin's death, indicating that the Sevruguin studio continued to be commercially viable. As one of the most prolific early commercial photographers in Iran, Antoin Sevruguin’s artistic legacy has since proved far more enduring.
    Scope and Content: 
    - 66 black-and-white gelatin silver photoprints, unmounted, were a gift from Joseph Upton, received by the committee for Islamic Culture, as reported in their official minutes of October 24, 1953. The 66 photoprints were initially purchased by Joseph Upton in 1928 from Antoin Sevruguin in Tehran.
    - 695 glass negatives were included into the "Islamic Archives," which was administered jontly by the committee for Islamic Culture and the committee for Arabic and Islamic Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies. According to the official minutes, the committee for Islamic Culture reported purchasing the 696 glass plates during their fiscal years 1951-1952 from the American Presbyterian Mission in Tehran. Antoin Sevruguin's daughter gave these plates to the mission with instruction that they be sold for the benefit of the mission.
    - 98 gelatin silver photoprints were collected by Myron Bement Smith after he viewed a portion of Sevruguin's negatives in 1934 ( these include recent finds in the Myron Bement Smith collection).
    In addition of Antoin Sevruguin's 695 glass negatives and 164 silver gelatin prints in the Myron Bement Smith collection the Archives holds: 18 albumen prints in theJay Bisno Collection of Sevruguin Photographs (FSA A.15); 34 photographic prints in the Ernst Herzfeld Papers (FSA A.6); as well as a photograph album and individual albumen prints donated by Stephen Arpee (FSA A2011.03). Finally, the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives also own 3 separate gelatin silver prints.
    Organization: 
    - 66 gelatin silver prints are arranged in sequential number following Joseph Upton's handwritten list of captions, and ultimately organized by Myron B. Smith into subject categories (royalty, people, executions, criminals, punishment, architecture).
    - 695 glass negatives, numbered, without any apparent organization, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
    - 98 gelatin silver prints are organized by Myron B. Smith into subject categories (people, architecture, royalty, landscape).
    Provenance: 
    Antoin Sevruguin photographs in the Myron Bement Smith collection are part of the "Islamic Archives," a collection assembled in part by the Committee for Islamic Culture under the direction of architectural historian Myron Bement Smith (1897-1970). The widow of Myron Bement Smith, Katharine Dennis Smith, donated her husband's papers to the Smithsonian Institution in 1972. The collection was housed in the National Museum of Natural History. Ms. Smith granted partial rights of the materials to the Institution in 1973 and full rights, interests, and title in 1985. The collection was transferred to the Freer Gallery in 1977.
    Finding aids: 
    Finding aid to the Myron Bement Smith collection, processed by Dr. Elisabeth Graves, 2011, is available in the Archives Department and on Internet http://www.asia.si.edu/archives/finding_aids/smith.html#series2
    Cite as: 
    Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
    General Note: 
    Titles and summary notes are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
    Restrictions: 
    Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Abbasids
    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Antiquities
    Architecture
    Art of the Islamic World
    Clothing and dress
    Criminal procedure
    Executions and executioners
    Headgear
    Inscriptions
    Landscapes
    Portrait photography
    Pottery
    Relief (Sculpture)
    Religious buildings
    Royalty (Nobility)
    Sassanids
    Shrines
    Textile design
    Subject - Geographical: 
    Asia
    Iran
    Iraq
    India
    Uzbekistan
    Baghdad (Iraq)
    Basṭām (Iran)
    Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
    Dāmghān (Iran)
    Delhi (India)
    Fīrūzābād (Iran)
    Hamadān (Iran)
    Iṣfahān (Iran)
    Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
    Pasargadae (Extinct city)
    Persepolis (Iran)
    Tāq-e Bostān Site (Iran)
    Tehran (Iran)
    Subject-Name: 
    Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970.
    Sevruguin, Antoin, d. 1933
    Muzaffar al-Dīn Shāh, 1853-1907 Shah of Iran,
    Nāsir al-Dīn Shāh, Shah of Iran, 1831-1896.
    Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, 1878-1944
    Islamic Archives
    Form / Genre: 
    Photographic prints
    Glass negatives
    Gelatin silver prints
    Repository Loc: 
    Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560
    Local Number: 
    FSA A.4 Subseries 2.12
    Co-Creator: 
    Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970. (collector)
    Sevruguin, Antoin, d. 1933 (photographer)
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Freer/Sackler ArchivesFSA A.4 Subseries 2.12Add Copy to MyList

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