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  • Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)
     
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  • Heart, Artificial
     
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    James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951.
     
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    Creator: 
    Halkett, James A. E. (physicist) (author, donor).
    Title: 
    James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951.
    Phy. Description: 
    0.15 cubic feet
    1 box.
    Digital Reference: 
    Finding aid
    Bio / His Notes: 
    James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow) experimented on an early mechanical heart. In 1948, James Halkett and William Sewell succesfully bypassed the left side of a cat's heart. Modifications in the pump and surgical procedures allowed Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski and others to achieve long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Halkett and Wesolowski went on to other projects. Although Wesolowski published articles on this work, neither went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.
    Summary: 
    Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented.
    Organization: 
    Divided into 2 series: (1) James A. E. Halkett Papers; (2) Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers.
    Provenance: 
    Transferred from the Division of Medical Sciences, 1/23/86.
    Finding aids: 
    Container List linked online to this record.
    Cite as: 
    James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Medical sciences
    Surgeons
    Medical Equipment
    Heart, Artificial
    Heart pump
    Heart -- Surgery
    Biophysics
    Subject-Name: 
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Form / Genre: 
    Diaries -- 20th century
    Masters theses
    Laboratory protocols
    Manuscripts
    Theses
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History : Archives Center. P.O. Box 37012, Suite 1100, MRC 601, Constitution Ave., between 12th and 14th Sts., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20013-7012. Call 202-633-3270 for appointment. Fax: 202-786-2453.
    Co-Creator: 
    Wesolowski, Sigmund A. (author, donor).
    Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI (collector).
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    Archives Center at American HistoryACNMAH 0220Add Copy to MyList

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