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  • Laybourne, Roxie C.
     
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    Oral history interviews with Roxie Collie S. Laybourne, 2001.
     
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    Creator: 
    Laybourne, Roxie C. interviewee.
    Title: 
    Oral history interviews with Roxie Collie S. Laybourne, 2001.
    Forms part of: 
    Agency history record, 1973- .
    Phy. Description: 
    17 audiotapes (Reference copies).
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Roxie Collie S. Laybourne (1912-2003), ornithologist, received her B.A. from Meredith College in 1932, and her M.S. in plant ecology from the George Washington University in 1951. She began her museum career as a volunteer at the North Carolina State Museum in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1932, where she learned taxidermy and exhibit techniques. In 1944, Laybourne was appointed a museum aide in the Division of Birds at the United States National Museum. In 1946, she transferred to a permanent position on the payroll of the Bird and Mammal Laboratories, Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Department of Interior, while continuing to prepare specimens in the Division of Birds at the National Museum. She retired as a Zoologist from the Fish and Wildlife Service in 1974, but continued her career as a Research Associate of the National Museum of Natural History. In the 1960s, Laybourne created the field of forensic ornithology, studying minute fragments of bird feathers in order to identify which birds were ingested into aircraft engines, often causing crashes. The field expanded to cover endangered species and criminal investigations. Laybourne developed analytical techniques that used the barbules and nodes supporting the wings to identify bird fragments.
    Summary: 
    These interviews of Laybourne, conducted by Pamela M. Henson and Marcia Heacker-Skeans in 2001, cover her education, career, and contributions to the field of forensic ornithology. The interviews also include reminiscences of colleagues including John Warren Aldrich and Alexander Wetmore.
    Organization: 
    (1) Audiotapes, 14.5 hours; (2) transcript.
    Finding aids: 
    (1) Description in control file; (2) unprocessed.
    Restrictions: 
    Restricted.
    Subject-Topical: 
    Exhibitions
    Ornithology.
    Forensic sciences
    Taxidermy
    Employees
    Forensic ornithology
    Subject-Name: 
    Laybourne, Roxie C.
    Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978
    Aldrich, John W. (John Warren), 1906-
    Department of Zoology (NMNH). Division of Birds (NMNH)
    National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Dept. of Zoology.
    North Carolina. State Museum
    United States National Museum.
    Form / Genre: 
    Interviews
    Audiotapes
    Oral history
    Repository Loc: 
    Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520
    Local Number: 
    SIA RU009610
    Co-Creator: 
    Henson, Pamela M. interviewer.
    Heacker-Skeans, Marcia interviewer.
    Item Information
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