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    Tichkematse book of drawings, 1887 April.
     
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    Creator: 
    Tichkematse, 1857-1932.
    Title: 
    Tichkematse book of drawings, 1887 April.
    Contained in: 
    Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
    See Others in: 
    Tichkematse book of drawings, 1887 April.
    Phy. Description: 
    21 drawings : graphite, watercolor, and ink ; 14 x 22 cm.
    Digital Reference: 
    Image Image
    Bio / His Notes: 
    Tichkematse a.k.a. Squint Eyes, Quchkeimus (1857-1932) was one of the best known groups of Plains artists was among the men held prisoner at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida, from 1875-1878. Tichkematse, a Cheyenne, was one of these prisoner artists. While imprisoned, he learned to speak English and to read and write. Upon release he attended school at the Hampton Institute in Virginia for about a year before coming to the Smithsonian. There he was trained in the preparation of bird and mammal specimens for study and display. During his time at the Smithsonian, he also produced drawings illustrating his old life on the Plains, full of buffalo hunts and battles as well as everyday camp life. In 1880 he returned to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in what is now Oklahoma, but he continued his affiliation with the Smithsonian. He was active in collecting bird and mammal specimens as well as craft items acquired from Cheyenne friends and relatives, which he shipped to the museum. For additional information on Tichkematse, see Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion by Karen Daniels Petersen (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 1971), "Squint Eyes: Artist and Indian Scout" by Bob Rea, (2002) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/scout, and "Tichkematse: A Cheyenne at the Smithsonian" by Candace Greene, (2000) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/squint_eyes/squint_eyes.htm. For further information on the Cheyenne scouts and their artwork, see "Artists in Blue: the Indian Scouts of Fort Reno and Fort Supply," by Candace S. Greene (American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 1992, pp.50-57) Major John Dunlop was a supply sergeant in San Antonio before the Civil War, then went to Mexico, and later to Washington. While in Washington he met Col. Bliss and the maintained a friendship over time, resulting in his visiting Bliss in Indian Territory and participating in the hunt depicted.
    Fort Supply, established in 1868, was initially designated as a supply camp where U.S. Cavalry troops could restock and refresh themselves. It was from this post that Custer and the Seventh Cavalry marched to the Battle of Washita. Over the next twenty-five years, soldiers from Fort Supply performed duties that included peace-keeping and monitoring of the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation and the Cherokee Outlet as well as monitoring the Land Run of 1893. From 1869 to early 1870, the post served as the temporary location for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency. For more information on Fort Supply see Fort Supply, Indian Territory: Frontier Outpost by Robert C. Carriker, 1990 Norman: University of Oklahoma Press; and “History of Fort Supply” at http://www.ok-history.mus.ok.us/mus-sites/fshistory.htm.
    Summary: 
    Drawings in a small notebook of ruled paper, now disbound, covers retained. Drawings document an 1887 hunting excursion taken by Colonel Bliss of Fort Supply (in Indian Territory) and Major John Dunlop, a visitor to the fort from Washington D.C.. Included in the manuscript are a cyanotype picture featuring Colonel Bliss, end papers, and covers of the book as well as a typescript note pasted to the inside cover describing the drawings. The inscription reads as follows: "This pictorial history of various hunts made by Cheyenne Indians, and white men, was drawn and painted entirely by Squint Eye, a Cheyenne and Sergeant of the Scouts at Fort Supply, Indian Territory, April 1887. It will be observed that Sergt. Squint Eye, and Major Dunlop are the most important personages represented ; and it will also be observed that the Sergt. never forgets to put on his stripes, or chevrons. If any difference is noticed between the verbal report made by the major, of his encounter with the Catamount, and Squint eye's representation of it, it will please be ascribed to the native Scotch and Cheyenne modesty of the participants. Fort Supply, I.T., April 17, 1887, with compliments of Z.R. Bliss, on this his birthday." Many drawings are inscribed names identifying the figures, most of whom are Cheyenne men who were enlisted as Army scouts.
    Provenance: 
    Purchase/donation from Mr. and Mrs. David D. Longmaid, April 24, 1991. David Longmaid was the grandson of Major John Dunlop. The Tichkematse notebook was passed down through the family, eventually coming into Mr. and Mrs. Longmaid’s possession. In the 1970s, the drawings were loaned to the NAA for study and a photographic record made of the entire book (Photo Lot 79-24). After return to the owner, drawings were separated from their binding and many were sold separately to individual collectors. In 1991the remaining drawings were acquired by the NAA in a purchase/donation.
    Place of creation: 
    United States Indian Territory Fort Supply.
    United States Oklahoma Fort Supply.
    Cite as: 
    Manuscript 7500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
    Culture: 
    Cheyenne Indians
    Indians of North America -- Great Plains
    Subject-Name: 
    Bliss, Zenas Randall, 1835-1900. depicted
    Form / Genre: 
    Ledger drawings
    Photographs
    Repository Loc: 
    National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
    Local Number: 
    NAA ACC 91-13
    NAA MS 7500
    Item Information
    RepositoryCall No. 
    National Anthropological ArchivesNAA MS 7500Add Copy to MyList

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